Sewanee DSpace Repository

DSpace is a digital service that collects, preserves, and distributes digital material. Repositories are important tools for preserving an organization's legacy; they facilitate digital preservation and scholarly communication.

Recent Submissions

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    Much Obliged: Resurrection Hope and Christian Ministry to the Dying and Bereaved
    (University of the South, 2024-05) Hays, Joshua
    Ministry around death and dying is already a robust proportion of pastoral care and will only grow in prevalence over the next generation with the aging of the Baby Boomers. Rather than responding reactively to this reality on a case-by-case basis, this project proposes a proactive discipleship model to prepare congregants and families to walk through the dying process and into the fullness of resurrection hope. The biblical witness, subsequent theological reflection by the church, and the liturgical resource of The Book of Common Prayer lend shape and structure to this discipleship proclaiming the resurrection of the body. With a robust faith in bodily resurrection with Christ, disciples may more readily and peacefully surrender their present bodies in confident hope of the life to come. The initial chapter will survey Scripture for resources to equip those charged with pastoral ministry to the dying and bereaved. Subsequent theological reflection by and for the church will comprise the second chapter, Three principal sources will direct the discussion, including the early creeds, medieval ars moriendi texts, and alternatives proposed by the Protestant Reformers. Chapter three considers contemporary liturgies for burial with particular attention to burial rites from The Episcopal Church. Practical implications of bodily resurrection for ministry to those planning funeral services torm the fourth and final chapter. Within my own Baptist tradition, discerning and deploying a template for funeral worship borrowing from The Book of Common Prayer offers a congregational starting point for discipleship formation that emphasizes the resurrection of the body.
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    Oral History Interview Records of Ben Harris
    (University of the South, 2024-03-13) Portillo, William; Prepared by Andrew Quinonez
    Ben Harris of Washington, D.C. was interviewed by William Portillo, Sewanee student, on March 13th, 2024 on Zoom. While their conversation was primarily on the Black Lives Matter Movement, other topics included: discussing the Black Lives Matter movement and social justice in the classroom from the perspective of a School Board Member and Educator. We hope that this conversation will assist scholars with a further understanding of race in the United States during the early twenty-first century. Please click on the link to see the full interview.
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    A Comparison of Soil and Site Conditions in Coffee-Based Agroforestry Systems in Three Regions of Central Haiti
    (University of the South, 2017-04-30) Davis, Peter; McGrath, Deborah (Capstone Co-Advisor); Potter, Bran (Capstone Co-Advisor)
    Zanmi Kafe (Haitian Kreyol for Partners in Coffee) is a collaboration between Sewanee the University of the South and the Hattian NGO Zanmi Agrikol (Partners in Agriculture) based in Haiti’s Central Plateau that works with rural farmers to implement agroforestry practices through a payment for ecosystem services (PES) structure. The structure of PES payments reward landholders for land stewardship practices in an effort to improve rural poverty not just economically, but also environmentally (Midler et al 2010). Farm productivity in Haiti’s Central Plateau region suffers from deforestation and resultant soil erosion as well as a lack of arable land on steep rocky slopes. Shade grown coffee, a crop requested by the Haitian farmers in Zanmi Kafe, offers an important agroforestry strategy because it incentivizes the planting of a variety of over-story shade trees with the potential to increase households livelihoods and environmental resilience in these remote mountain areas. Since the establishment of the shade coffee-based agroforests in 2013, comprehensive soil studies have been conducted to characterize the conditions in which the trees are growing, and provide information that will help farmers more effectively manage these systems. We have been working with our farmer-collaborators in three regions to analyze soil chemistry, organic horizon mass, nutrient content, soil depth and percent slope of home garden and open fields. We also assessed site factors such as elevation, and percent canopy openness, as well as coffee seedling survival. Our results demonstrate that the calcium-carbonate-derived soils in these highland areas are neutral to slightly alkaline, low in organic matter, with highly variable amounts of phosphorus. In Baptiste, the oldest, most elevated, mesic and productive coffee growing region, the soils are slightly acidic but higher in organic matter. A better understanding of the region’s soil characteristics aims to help farmers increase their crop yield by adopting plants and strategies more conducive to the Central Plateau. Contour alley cropping and grass terracing may help reduce soil erosion and increase productivity on farms where shallow dry soils inhibit coffee production.
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    Examining the Relationship Between Household Health and Environmental Conditions in Haiti’s Central
    (University of the South, 2017-05-03) Pearce, Duncan; McGrath, Deborah (Thesis Advisor)
    For rural subsistence farmers in developing countries, human health and the environment is a complex and interconnected relationship. As part of a long-term agroforestry project, this study explored connections among household health, socioeconomic status, and environmental conditions of rural farmers in two highland communities of the Central Plateau of Haiti. Household surveys were conducted in Haitian creole to gather baseline information on family health, socioeconomic status, and farm characteristics. Environmental indices, such as tree density and canopy cover, soil chemistry, kitchen ventilation, and access to clean water were also assessed. Our preliminary findings suggest that environmental conditions are important determinants of both health and socioeconomic status. Deforestation of the Central Plateau has resulted in severe soil erosion that limits land productivity, which may be reflected in the narrow diet of grains (maize and millet), beans, peas and some fruits that households produce and consume. Since these farmers grow almost all of what they eat, this low dietary diversity may contribute to nutritional deficiencies and health problems, as well as exacerbate food insecurity when one production of one of these staples fails. We also found that most families rely on medicinal plants for treating ailments, although over-the-counter medicines are widely and indiscriminately available in the central markets. The overarching goal of this project is to help farmers adopt and manage more resilient and diverse agroecosystems that raise farm productivity and improve food security, ultimately leading to better nutrition, health, and economic gains.
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    Zanmi Kafe: Coffee Agroecology and Ant Diversity in Haiti
    (University of the South, 2016-04-17) Fripp, Geanina; McGrath, Deborah; Summers, Scott
    Zanmi Kafe is a coffee-based agroforestry reforestation project in the Central Plateau of Haiti, that aims to promote the adoption of more sustainable agroecosystems in order to improve livelihoods and foster community development. Coffee provides a livelihood for many small farmers throughout the tropics, however due to the high demand for coffee, many small coffee farms are undergoing agricultural intensification to increase coffee yields. Many studies have investigated the effects of the transformation of coffee agroecosystems from shaded to unshaded systems on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Sun coffee systems have been correlated with a decrease in biodiversity and ecosystem services while shade coffee systems support higher biodiversity and ecosystem services. Some coffee agroecosystems in the Central Plateau of Haiti are undergoing transformation from disturbed, unshaded to less disturbed, shaded systems. In this study we examined the ant fauna present on 15 farms in order to monitor future changes in the conditions of the agroecosystems. We also examined the coffee pests/diseases present to determine if there was an association between ant diversity and abundance and the presence of coffee pests/disease. We collected 21 species of ants from 17 genera and Solenopsis geminata was the dominant species on all the farms. We recorded the presence of coffee rust (Hemileia vastatrix), the coffee leaf miner (Leucoptera coffeella), and the green coffee scale (Coccus viridis) on the coffee seedlings. There was no statistically significant difference between the ant diversity and the abundance of Solenopsis geminata and the presence of coffee pests on the farms. However, a few trends were observed and future monitoring of the ant fauna and pests is critical in maintaining the health and production of the coffee trees.