Sewanee: Scholarship Sewanee 2011


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 30
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    Reactions to the Campus Climate Survey: Policy Considerations for Multicultural Students at Sewanee
    (University of the South, 2011-04-29) Jennings, Shameka; Nicholson, Emily; Pate, Miriam; Bardi, C. Albert
    This study sought to explore and assess multicultural students' academic, social and personal experiences at the University of the South. The researchers conducted individual interviews with a standardized set of questions. Participants were briefed with the results of a recent campus climate survey and interviewed about related issues such as witnessing and/or experiencing racial discrimination or harassment, academic expectations, social expectations, overall content level with their college experience, and what changes they would like to see implemented. Participants in the study were multicultural students ranging from freshmen to seniors at the University of the South. Tentative yet recurring themes included the conflict between a highly positive academic experience and an unsatisfactory social life, issues of academic and social opportunities and support for diverse students on campus compared to the mainstream and dominant culture, experiences of insensitivity in and outside of the classroom, lack of diversity in faculty and staff, and concerns regarding retention of multicultural students over four years of education. Using the thematic data collected, suggestion for policy changes and implementation are offered.
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    Preliminary Properties of a New Measure of Assertiveness, Strategic Assertiveness and Passivity
    (University of the South, 2011-04-29) Mates, Hadley; Pickett, Leigh Anne; Bryson, Catherine; Robb, Jeannette; Bardi, C. Albert
    Extant measures (e.g. Rathus, 1973) conceptualize assertiveness as social boldness and frankness. Studies assessing minority groups in the U.S. (e.g., Hall & Beil-Warner, 1978) with a variety of measures of assertiveness have yielded group differences that may be best accounted for by the historic application of measures developed on European-Americans to other cultural groups. A recent qualitative study (Chandrasekaran, Clark, Croasdaile, Mates, McNair, Pickett & Bardi, 2010) found that in addition to traditionally-defined assertiveness, Latinos endorse themes of strategic assertiveness as a mode of dealing with interpersonal conflict. The current study seeks to create a valid and reliable measure of three separate behavioral categories: assertiveness, strategic assertiveness and passivity. A sixty item pool was created using qualitative study themes and theoretically-derived alteration of existing scale (e.g. Rathus, 1973) items. In order to gauge potential problems with item content, two focus groups of students of minority identity were held. Post focus group revision of the item pool yielded 50 items. The 50-item pool was administered with a scale of social desirability to several psychology classes. Results of statistical analyses including item distributions, reliability of proposed scales and social desirability responding are presented.
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    Sub-solidus hydrothermal alteration in the Elberton & Stone Mountain granites, Georgia: Waves and Cat's Paws
    (University of the South, 2011-04-29) Peel, Charles; Shaver, Steve
    The Elberton granite is a fine-grained granite (1-2mm grain size) composed of 4-7% biotite, 30% quartz, 30-35% Na-rich plagioclase (An15-27), 30-35% K-feldspar, ~ 1% allanite, and lesser apatite, magnetite, sphene, and zircon. Crystallized at depths of ~13km and P=4Kb, its fine grain size was interpreted by Whitney and others (1980) as having resulted from rapid pressure drop due to loss of exsolved volatiles at this depth. The Stone Mt. granite (90 miles east of Elberton) is a medium-grained (2-5mm), two-mica granite composed of 1-2% biotite, 6-12% muscovite, and sub-equal quartz (29-33%), Na-plagioclase (An10-18) (30-35%), and K-feldspar (20-27%). Both granites have similar U-Pb zircon ages (Stone Mt. 325 Ma, Elberton 320 ± 20 Ma) and both formed from subduction-related magmas of the Alleghenian orogeny. Both granites solidified at ~600oC, but each shows unusual sub-solidus features related to hot hydrothermal fluids, likely vapors, emanated after solidification. The Elberton granite is cut by thin (1-4cm), white, sub-horizontal sheet-like structures called waves, while the Stone Mountain granite contains ovoid black-and-white patches called cat’s paws (3-6 cm wide) with a 2-5 cm “black” center rich in tourmaline + quartz, and a 0.5-1cm wide “white” rim rich in plagioclase, K-spar, and quartz. The goal of this study is to use microscopic point-counting techniques to quantify wave and cat’s paw mineralogy, and to use this quantitative mineralogy to infer a stoichiometry of the responsible chemical reactions. Results of Elberton point counts show that its waves (42-47% plag, 40-41% Kspar, 6-12% qtz, 3-4% biotite) are enriched in plag and Kspar, but depleted in quartz, biotite, and allanite relative to the host granite. Microscopic textural features indicate that the depleted minerals were replaced hydrothermally by plag and Kspar, and chemical stoichiometry suggests the replacement reaction involved qtz-bio-allanite replacement by fluids or vapors rich in Na+ and K+. Stone Mt. point counts show that cat’s paw centers have 13-17% tourmaline, 26-38% plag, 19-23% Kspar, 30-37% quartz, 0-1% muscovite, and trace biotite ­ thus more tourm + qtz, less plag + Kspar, and much less musc + bio than the host granite, while cat’s paw rims are strongly enriched in plag (39-48%) + Kspar (22-27%), but depleted in qtz (20-32%), musc (3-6%), and bio (0%) compared to the host. These data suggest (1) that cat’s paw centers formed from high-temp B2O3 vapors that replaced musc, bio, and plag with tourm + qtz (+ excess K+, Na+, Al+3) and (2) that the excess excess K+, Na+,and Al+3 was transferred outward to paw rims to replace qtz-bio-musc with plag+Kspar.
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    Churches that Look Like Churches: Traditionalism in Recent Catholic Church Architecture
    (University of thge South, 2011-04-29) Nielsen, Emily
    This paper examines the traditionalist movement in Catholic church architecture in the U.S. over the past two decades. Taking into account the reasons for discontent with churches built in the Modernist style, this paper considers both the theological claims of traditionalist architects and their architectural expression. It focuses on four representative churches: St. Thomas Aquinas College’s neo-Baroque Our Lady of the Most Holy Trinity (2009), the neo-Gothic St. Mark’s in Peoria, Illinois, remodeled from 2002-2004 following its 1970s Modernist re-ordering, the neo-English Gothic Our Lady of Walsingham in Houston (2004) and the contemporary traditionalist St. Therese in Collinsville, Oklahoma (2000). Despite their stylistic diversity, these churches all exhibit shared formal characteristics, including an exterior which is visually distinct from the surrounding area, a hierarchical separation between nave and chancel, a prominent location of the altar and the tabernacle, and an integrated iconographic program. This paper argues that these commonalities derive from a shared understanding among proponents of traditionalism of the church building itself as a holy image: an icon.
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    The Changing Histories of Childhood Through Imagery
    (University of the South, 2011-04-29) Grabarz, Faith
    Histories of childhood have insisted upon a dramatic shift in the way in which children are represented in art from roughly 1700 to 1900. My project seeks to better understand this shift by analyzing paintings produced in the 18th century and their re-imagined versions as mezzotints from the early 20th century.