Sewanee: Scholarship Sewanee 2020

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 54
  • Item
    Safety and Consent on College Campus
    (University of the South, 2020) Kelly, Gracen; Fisher, Terri
    In this study I am taking a close look into how students feel regarding sexual assault, safety, and administrative policy on the Sewanee campus. Participants are provided an online survey consisting of 53 questions covering demographics, safety, education, sexual assault experience, campus experience, and Greek life. There is also an optional interview portion in which students are given an opportunity to speak in greater detail about how they feel regarding safety on campus. In the interview, students’ voice changes they wish to see and personal experiences that will inform areas the school should focus on. Once all the data are collected, I will determine the effect of gender and graduating class on rates of sexual assault and the safety that people feel at specific Greek organizations. I will also be examining factors such as past sex education, openness of parents, and personal experience with sexual assault and how they interact with other variables. One goal of this study is to develop a better understand of what Sewanee could be doing to minimize sexual assault on campus.
  • Item
    Documenting Victims of War Crimes: Ethical Considerations
    (University of the South, 2020) Straessle, Abby
    Bombs explode as children scamper to school. Political prisoners escape torture and seek the safety of allies. All the while, Bashar al-Assad holds a death grip on Syria in a last gasp attempt to hold on to power. In the middle of war, the Syrian Emergency Task Force (SETF) has become a force of peace. Since the beginning of the Syrian Crisis, SETF has worked with dozens of Syrian civilians who have suffered at the hands of Bashar al-Assad. Although they are different, their stories remind us that they too are humans. In the spring of 2018, the SETF team made a trip to the Turkish-Syrian border. During the trip, the team visited with dozens of victims of war, hearing their stories and offering hope. Although never published, these stories have been a driving force of SETF’s mission; “to advocate in solidarity with the Syrian people to inform and educate the American public and its representatives about their suffering, while addressing the colossal humanitarian crisis and promoting the development of the Syrian civil society based on respect from human dignity and freedom.”1 With SETF’s mission in mind, this report aims to serve as a guide for the SETF team when conducting and publishing future interviews. Additionally, this report will address the most beneficial and ethical journalistic practices that will be used in SETF’s new website extension; “Voices from the Ground.” This extension will document the stories from the victims that SETF interviewed during their 2018 trip to the Turkish-Syrian border using a blog format.The blog serves as a symbol of SETF’s mission in action as its’ goal is to educate the American public by allowing them to hear the stories of victims of war. The hope is for an increase in awareness and a drive to take action in a way that is both ethical and concrete.
  • Item
    Community Perceptions of Aid to the Informal Economy: A Comparison of Cases in Rural Haiti and Cameroon
    (University of the South, 2020) Leveque, Bernice; Ngo, Crystal; McGrath, Deborah; Monteil, Marc
    The informal economy consists of economic activity not regulated nor protected by a state entity. It plays a vital role in reducing unemployment and stimulating the economies of many countries in the Global South. In Cameroon, it accounts for 20-30% of the GDP and 90% of employment. Similarly, 47% of Haiti’s population engages in the informal economy. Due to its significance in national economies, those investing in development, including local entrepreneurs, NGOs, and multilateral aid organizations, will often target the informal sector. However, the intentions of investors may or may not align with the goals of the communities in which they are investing. Separate surveys of a fishing community in Cameroon and farming households in Haiti were conducted. To identify factors that contribute to effective community development in the Global South, the two cases were compared to determine how informal economy workers’ perceptions of investors affected their productivity and project success. Fifty Haitian farmers were surveyed to assess the impact that payments for ecosystem services had in establishing and maintaining shade-coffee agroforestry systems. Eighteen semi-structured interviews were conducted to better understand the factors that adversely affect fishers in Cameroon and their strategies to cope with them. The studies suggest that 1) when participants can identify a clear path to self-sufficiency, productivity is higher and 2) sustained support and collaboration between investors and those participating in the informal economy is conducive to higher project success rates.
  • Item
    Sexual Identification and the Effects on Ally Identity
    (University of the South, 2020) Kelly, Gracen; Fisher, Terri
    In this study, I have examined whether the way someone is asked about their sexual orientation affects their subsequent answers regarding feelings about people in different minority groups. In an online study administered via Qualtrics, the participants were randomly assigned to complete either the Klein Sexual Orientation Grid (KSOG) or a multiple choice option (heterosexual, homosexual or other). The KSOG is much more expansive and asks questions organized into 7 different categories as well as asking about past, present, and future identities in order to get a more complete understanding of the individual’s sexuality. The sexual orientation questions served as a prime, after which participants were asked to complete the Ally Identity Measure and the Symbolic Racism Scale. The participants were taken from both the Sewanee population (N=237) and from outside of Sewanee (N=57) with 187 females and 92 males in total. While overall there was no effect on the Ally Identity scores as a function of which priming question was received, when examining gender differences, it appears that there was a higher level of support for the LGBTQ+ community shown in males who had completed the Klein scale that can be explored with further research. It was also found for both men and women that if an individual supports racial equality, then they were significantly more likely to support the LGBTQ+ community and vice versa. Women were shown to support LGBTQ+ rights and racial equality more than men. Using the Klein Scale revealed variety and fluidity in the sexuality of the participants and is recommended for future research.
  • Item
    Gamma Gamma Coincidence
    (University of the South, 2020) Kerrigan, David
    Gamma gamma coincidences occur from radioactive materials decaying into more stable nuclei and can only be seen with specific lab equipment. These coincidences are interactions between various particles, like electrons, photons, and positrons, that, in very small amounts of time, can produce multiple gamma rays which can be detected. These gamma rays are primarily produced through decay mechanisms and matter anti-matter annihilation, which all originate from the radioactive sample. Clearly there is a lot going on in a small sample. This experiment wouldn’t be possible without my Sodium-Iodide crystal (NaI(Tl)) detector. The crystal in the detector acts as a scintillator, sending photons to the Photomultiplier Tube(PMT). The PMT converts high energy photons into photoelectrons which are accelerated and amplified to create an electronic pulse that is more measurable.