This study was conducted in compartment 20 at Sewanee: The University of the South located atop the Cumberland Plateau at approximately 1900 ft in elevation . The 56-acre site is located at about 35°13’22” N and 85°55’58” W. The forest is an upland oak-hickory forest with a shortleaf and Virginia pine component . Non-native eastern white pine is also comprised of the forest, and is planted in plantations and along the adjoining fire lines. The reference condition in this restoration project is the year 1959 in which the forest was largely comprised of oak and other hardwoods interspersed with some shortleaf, had low tree density, and did not contain eastern white pine . Pre- and post-treatment inventories were conducted, and prescribed fire will be used at the site in the spring of 2013.