Archaeological Testing of Two Late 19th-Early 20th Century Rural Farmsteads on the Domain

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Niquette, Mason
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Scholarship Sewanee 2013 , University of the South , University of the South Domain Archaeology , Historic farmsteads , Cook site , Cedar Hollow Overlook site , 40FR608 , 40FR607 , Turn of the Century rural life
Across the Domain are rock features composed of loose, native stone thought to be anthropogenic in origin (chimney falls, field clearance, rock cairns, or potential graves). In an effort to understand the variability and attempt to define their function, a survey was carried out which covered approximately 528 acres in the vicinity of Cedar Hollow Lake. Walking transects identified a total of 8 features measured and mapped. Two of these rock features were chosen for test excavations: the Cook Site (40FR607) (3 1x1m units) and the Cedar Hollow Overlook Site (40FR608) (2 1x1 m units). Both of these sites are in an area where there is ongoing multidisciplinary research on soils and vegetation to reconstruct historic land use change. Based on a review of limited archival documents, the analysis of the test excavations and artifact assemblages recovered, both locations are interpreted as habitation sites initially occupied in the late 19th century through the early 20th century. These data suggest that there were well established upland home sites operating in the regions rural economy, separate from the nearby University.